A physical examination and thorough history are required as well as routine knee x-rays.
A long leg alignment x-ray is also carried out. This allows us to calculate the various angles, work out where the deformity exists, and plan the corrective surgery.
An MRI scan may also be necessary to check the health of the rest of the knee to confirm eligibility for the surgery and to exclude any other major pathology.
There are two types of osteotomy surgery - high tibial osteotomy and distal femoral osteotomy. Learn more about each of these below.